double standard on terrorism in the United States
By Ernesto Vera Mellado
Ain´s Special Survey
During 1976, the Caribbean island of Barbados
started to form part of the long list of tragic accidents ,unjustified and
inadmissible. These terrorist actions have been used by the North American
administrations to destroy the revolution in Cuba.
October the 6th , 26 years ago ,
the chosen scene for terrorism was Barbados when terrorists planted two bombs
in a Cuban plane with a registration 1201 type DC 8 with 73 people on board.
The plane was coming back from Venezuela and
most of the passengers were the members of the young team of fence , who have
been awarded all gold metals in dispute in the Central America and the
Caribbean games held in that opportunity at the land of Bolivar.
Besides the Cuban fence team and the crew ,
the flight 455 of Cubana line was carrying five Koreans and a group of 11
people from Guyana, six of them were studying in Cuba.
The first bomb exploded at 18 thousands feet
height , eight minutes after its landing and the shaking it caused was
followed by fire and a violent descent.
The second load blew 10 minutes later, when
pilots tried to return the craft to the Barbados airport , Seawell, as a final
resource of survival.
As the last resource, Captain Wilfredo
Pérez, "Felo" launched the plane to the sea, avoiding the craft to
fall against the beach facilities and thus stopping a bigger tragedy. All
On land, the executers of this sabotage were
nervous, their constant visits to the North American embassy, their
indiscretions while they were moving by taxi and the constant search of phone
contacts with their hire men denounced their guiltiness.
Once they were captured , the Venezuelan
mercenaries Freddy Lugo and Hernán Ricardo turned out to be the maximum
responsible of the plot: Joe Leo , diplomat officer of the North American
embassy of the United States in Barbados and the terrorist of Cuban origin
Orlando Bosch Avila and Luis Posada Carriles. All of them widely known as CIA
The guilty ones received the protection of
Federal Institutions of the United States and of the extreme anti Cuban wing
of Miami and today the majority of them freely walks along the city of Miami.
The greatest responsible
The annexing appetite of the United States
with respect to Cuba dates back two centuries ago as it is clearly expressed
when they stated that the island due to its geographical position must be
within the domain of the American Union.
But it an clear challenge to the imperial
pretensions , the archipelago decided in 1959 to work for its own destiny,
bearing strong "shakes" and "storms"
Since the triumph of the revolution on
January the first there was no peace, Cuba turned itself a victim of terrorist
The United States quickly decided to protect
known murderers and thieves that escaped from justice. None of the responsible
for torture and blood deeds in Cuba were sent back , nor the millions of USD
that were stolen to the public treasure.
Documents from March 17 of 1960, the referred
programs of Uncovered Actions against the Greatest of Antilles and
declassified by the North American government proved the interest of Dwight D.
Eisenhower, retaken again by Kennedy of " encouraging, support and guide
as possible the actions within and outside Cuba "
It was John F. Kennedy who ordered and then
faced the defeat of the invasion of the Playa Girón, (Bay of Pigs) that would
justify the occupation of that country by troops of the United States.
As a preamble of this war action , a sensible
increase of terrorist actions occurred with sabotages by the counter
revolutionary internal side to threaten the people and ease the success of the
Kennedy and his hawks from the pentagon did
not resign to their defeat of the Bay of Pigs and quickly made another plan to
beat the bad experience of Girón and "recover democracy in Cuba" It
was the greatest subversive program ever planned and developed by North
America against a foreign nation: the Mongoose Operation.
This was a great operation coordinated by the
National Council of the National Security of the United States and involved
the pentagon , the State Department and the CIA and lastly the Information
Agency to Develop 33 tasks that included economic, political, military and
intelligence actions as well as psychological and biological actions.
The CIA station JM Wave at the South of
Florida with a year budget of 100 millions of USD and 50 case officers who
received support for their work in more than 4 thousands collaborators , would
be the Center for Planning of the Mongoose Plan.
To coordinate the operation a structure named
Widen Special Group leaded by Robert Kennedy , General Attorney of the United
States and brother of the president, was created.
With false pretexts of defending the world
from the communist threat , between November 1961 and January 1963 more than 6
thousands terrorist acts, 600 of them were dismounted by the recently created
Security Body of the Cuban state.
The sabotage scale against civilian targets,
planned and financed from North American territory as well as diverse
aggressions that reached the total figure of: 119 violations to the air space
by pirate planes , 76 of them coming from the naval Base of Guantánamo,
predicting a new military adventure of the USA.
Facing such dark purposes against the island,
Cuba started defensive measures and accepted the Soviet purpose of installing
in its territory medium ranged rockets by means of the so called operation
That is why it would be impossible to analyze
the causes of the 1962 October crisis without taking into consideration the
Mongoose operation, the historian military Cuban Tomas Diez Acosta
As everybody supposes , a brief review to the
later history means to go again over the same deeds, Cuba has been the main
target of terrorist aggressions carried out by the extreme wing of anti Cubans
who have been supported by Washington during the last 43 years.
During the 70 decade , the criminal sabotage
to a Cubana plane in Barbados took place, bombs attempts increased at diplomat
sites of the island abroad as well as kidnapping and murderers of its diplomat
body different offshore offices , mainly in Latin America and the United
States and interests of other countries commercially linked with Cuba.
In the 80´s due to the Republican
administration of Ronald Reagan to try to reorganize some terrorist
organizations in Miami to gain a democratic face, the present "Cuban
American National Foundation"
Taking advantages of the unlimited support by
the North American administrations, this counter revolutionary mob reached a
political control of the Florida zone and formed an important lobby in the
Congress of the country. Since then the planting of explosives in the hotels
of the Cuban capital and several attempts, occurred..
An important role within the implementing of
Torricelli and Helms Burton laws that deepened the blockade, an economic war
lasting more than 40 years aiming to surrender by hungriness and sickness to a
country. That is also terrorism.
Bad and Good Terrorism?
Sheltered by Washington and now by the Cuban
American National Foundation those who have acted against Cuba have never been
judged there. Examples are countless, but let's take the example of the
For Orlando Bosch and Luis Posada Carriles
this was not the first experience , nor the last one. Just from 1974 , they
started to work together and until 1976, they placed bombs at the Cuban and
Argentine embassies, Peru and Mexico and against the Panamanian embassy in
They did these line of events as well in the
Friendship Institute Cuba Venezuela in Caracas , also in the Institute of
Brazilian Studies , at the Bolivian embassy at Ecuador and in the Soviet
Commercial Office in Mexico.
In 1975 they attempted against the life of
the Cuban ambassador in Argentine and a year later they participated in the
kidnapping and murder of two Cuban officers in Buenos Aires, among other
Orlando Bosch only spent certain time in a
comfortable jail of the U. S.A. when in 1968 he was arrested right at the
moment of taking off towards Cuba with a plane in which he carried 18 bombs
and was accused of exporting weapons without license.
After going through a minor charge in
Caracas, Bosch freely walks today in the United States and in a published book
he stated , referring to the Barbados crime , that anyone aiming to conquer
awards for the revolution , has to run the risk of suffering anger from the
fighters of freedom.
We did it and so what? , he cynically
admitted in an interview to a journal
By his side , Posada Carriles evaded the
sanction imposed to him due to the downing of the plane in 1989 to appear
lately in South America involved in the Iran Gate scandal and in the terrorist
attempts to the Havana hotels. Now he expects to escape in Panama, where he
must be judged by the homicide charge against the leader of the Cuban
However, five Cuban prisoners unfairly
accused of espionage and to try to frustrate terrorist actions against their
homeland, those terrorist actions have took the lives to three thousands 478
compatriots and mutilations and inabilities to other two thousand 100.
René Gonzalez, Ramón Labañino, Antonio
Guerrero, Gerardo Hernández and Fernando González have proved that they
never did anything to harm the interests of the North American institutions or
people of that country. Is it that the North American administrations admit
two definitions clearly opposed of the same word